Gonabad University of Medical Sciences is located in the south of Khorasan Razavi province, Gonabad, Iran. In 1986, the University was founded under the name of Gonabad Nursing and Midwifery College and under the supervision of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS) accepting 42 students in nursing field at Associate of Science (AS) level which was promoted to Bachelor of Science (BS) level the following year. Becoming independent from MUMS, in 1995, the University entitled Gonabad College of Medical Sciences and Health Services and as one of the forty-two independent schools and universities started its activities in the areas of health treatment and higher education directly under the supervision and auspices of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education.
Since 2005, the University has increased the number of its fields and elevated its programs (from AS levels to BS ones) so that, in 2008, the high council for promoting the country's universities and higher education institutions promoted Gonabad College of Medical Sciences and Health Services to Gonabad University of Medical Sciences with three independent schools of Allied Medical Sciences, Health, and Nursing-midwifery. Furthermore, in 2009, the university gained the council's approval to launch its medical program by accepting students in the medical field and to start a school of medicine following the journey of Dr Marziyeh Vahid Dastjerdi, the minister of health and medical education, to Gonabad city.
At present (2018), the university consists of two educational hospitals, three research centers, four independent schools with twenty-four courses of study at different levels including Medical Degree (MD), master of science (in Intensive Care Nursing, Nursing Education, Special Care Nursing, Health Education and Health Promotion, Community Health Nursing, Environmental Health, and Midwifery), bachelor of science (in Laboratory Sciences, Radiology, Nursing, Midwifery, Anaesthesia, Operating Room, Family Health, Public Health, Defense against Diseases, Environmental Health, and Occupational Health, Public Health) and at associate of science (in Medical Emergencies and Oral Health Technician) and two educational hospitals. The university carries out its duties with about 1599 students majoring in different fields, 107 faculty members of different ranks (instructors, assistant professors, associate professors, and professors), about 1300 personnel, the capacity to hospitalize 155 patients in its three active hospitals, 49 medical specialists with different specialties, 77 general practitioners with medical degrees, 16 dentists, and 15 pharmacists all of whom or which rank the university first in the province regarding the physician/population ratio. Moreover, the university is ranked first in the nation regarding the ratio of emergency medical services (EMS) base/population having 15 active EMS road bases. It is noteworthy that this university, due to its excellent geographical location, in addition to providing official services to Bajestan's health center, can offer health and medical services to a population of 1500000 within a distance of 100 kilometres from the city center.